Episode #421: Jeff Weniger, WisdomTree – Market Replace: Inflation, FAANG 2.0 & Indicators of A Bear Market Low – Meb Faber Analysis

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Episode #421: Jeff Weniger, WisdomTree – Market Replace: Inflation, FAANG 2.0 & Indicators of A Bear Market Low

 

Visitor: Jeff Weniger, CFA serves as Head of Fairness Technique at WisdomTree.

Date Recorded: 6/1/2022     |     Run-Time: 1:25:12


Abstract: In in the present day’s episode, we’re speaking about the whole lot happening available in the market and financial system. We contact on inflation and why Jeff first tweeted about rising meals costs over a yr in the past. Then we get into the market and focus on the connection between rates of interest and completely different sectors, the latest outperformance of client staples vs. client discretionary, and why Jeff is bullish on firms returning money to shareholders.

As we wind down, Jeff shares some indicators he’s looking for which will sign this bear market has bottomed.


Feedback or ideas? Enthusiastic about sponsoring an episode? Electronic mail us Suggestions@TheMebFaberShow.com

Hyperlinks from the Episode:

  • 1:11 – Intro
  • 1:50 – Welcome to our visitor, Jeff Weniger
  • 2:43 – Jeff’s ideas on inflation and a 2022 recession
  • 5:01 – Episode #419: Peter Zeihan
  • 15:29 – Trying to the market itself for cues for worth versus development
  • 18:52 – FAANG vs FAANG
  • 22:55 – Is in the present day’s market much like the dot-com growth?
  • 39:00 – Rising market shares, the bull case of Japanese equities, and the all-time low on the dividend yield
  • 48:29 – Bryce Harper saying meme incorrectly (hyperlink)
  • 50:34 – His ideas on equities as he seems to the horizon
  • 54:00 – Conservative Investing (Robeco)
  • 1:03:02 – Indicators of a bear market backside
  • 1:16:10 – Why Jeff thinks the US delivery charge could shock on the upside
  • 1:20:03 – Jeff’s most memorable funding
  • 1:21:30 – Study extra about Jeff; wisdomtree.com; Twitter; LinkedIn

 

Transcript of Episode 421:

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Meb: What’s up, my associates? Received a very enjoyable present for you in the present day. Our visitor is Jeff Weniger, the pinnacle of fairness technique at Knowledge Tree. In in the present day’s episode, we’re speaking about the whole lot happening available in the market and financial system on this planet in the present day. We contact on inflation and why Jeff first tweeted about rising meals costs over a yr in the past. Then we get into the market and focus on the connection between rates of interest and completely different sectors, the latest outperformance of client staples versus client discretionary, and why Jeff is bullish on firms returning money to shareholders. As we wind down, Jeff shares some indicators he’s looking for which will sign this bear market has bottomed. Please get pleasure from this episode with Knowledge Tree’s Jeff Weniger.

Meb: Jeff, welcome to the present.

Jeff: Thanks, Meb. Glad to be right here.

Meb: Good to see you, man. The place do we discover you in the present day, Chi-City?

Jeff: Yeah, the place all of the magic occurs proper right here for a lot of, a few years now.

Meb: I have to get again to Chicago, one of many stops on the funding world circuit for positive. One in all my favourite locations, this time of yr particularly, is fairly superior. So hopefully fingers crossed quickly this summer season, you going to be round?

Jeff: Properly, usually, with this new post-COVID world, I imply, you would do that…you don’t must essentially go all the way down to the Loop to carry down a standard laptop computer or pc job. So we’re out and in of city. However we attempt to keep right here…it’s the very best two or three months of the yr. It’s a frozen tundra so that you catch June or July right here, it’s like electrical.

Meb: I grew up partially in Colorado and the coldest day of my life, I feel was downtown Chicago as soon as as a teenager. All proper, properly…

Jeff: I imagine it.

Meb: …you might be one in all my all-time favourite Twitter followers. And never since you get in fights with Elon or simply submit memes all day, however you actually have some nice charts that you just submit on a constant foundation, and for a visible learner like myself, I find it irresistible. And never simply…

Jeff: Thanks Meb.

Meb: …I agree with all of them, typically I don’t, however I feel you place out nice work. So the place ought to we start? You’ve talked on a few subjects the previous yr or in order that I actually tried to amplify as a result of I assumed not many different folks had been speaking about them. And we’ll get into a few of these. However I’ll allow you to select the place to start in the present day. I virtually really feel like we form of bought to begin with inflation. However what do you assume, the place ought to we start?

Jeff: Oh, man. Properly, first off, thanks for saying the good issues in regards to the content material over there on social media. Look, if you wish to begin with inflation there’s no scarcity of opinions right here. However actually tied in with the whole lot that’s happening and the brand new prognostication of this market is whether or not or not we’re slipping into recession. I feel that may quickly take the primary rank right here in market priorities. Inflation is completely dominated for, what would you say, the final 9 or 12 months?

Meb: Which is humorous as a result of for the prior, I don’t know, 20 years, 30 years, it was not one thing that individuals actually talked about, a minimum of not in the USA, speak about it elsewhere. Discuss it in Argentina and different locations on this planet, however not within the U.S.

Jeff: Apart from initially of my profession ’06, ’07, the oil worth was zooming and other people had been getting pinched on the gasoline pump, we had housing tumbling, and we had been able to get Bear Stearns to buckle these hedge funds. And Bear Stearns itself again there in March of ’08, that was actually the one time we had somewhat flirtation with inflation earlier than this. I imply, this has been out of the ballpark.

Meb: So you bought two camps and it’s attention-grabbing as a result of it looks as if there’s a really extensive unfold of opinions on potential consequence of inflation. I discuss loads. I joke about form of coincident indicators in Los Angeles, which might be the brunt of it with $7 gasoline, doubtlessly $8 gasoline, $40 hamburgers, that type of stuff. However we had a visitor, Peter Zeihan who’s a geopolitical strategist, and he had some type of quote in the present day. So he’s on one finish, he says, “That is the bottom inflation we’re going to see within the U.S. for the following 5 years.”

Jeff: Oh, wow, okay.

Meb: We get his perspective. Then different persons are like, “No, dude, we’re going again to 2%.” The place do you fall? What do you assume, someplace within the center, one of many extremes?

Jeff: Let me inform you this. I really feel like I used to be fairly lonely throughout COVID saying, “Look, we’re going to have…” on the time I mentioned the worth of Cheerios, we’re going to get up, they’re going to be $6 a field. And I went over to the grocery store this weekend and it was $7 a field for Cheerios. And I’ve been placing out these charts. The UN Meals Worth Index has…in actual phrases, that is in actual phrases, Meb, has already exceeded the degrees that you just noticed in ’08 and ’11. And the important factor about 2008, 2011, is we had meals worth riots…

Meb: Main geopolitical unrest, Arab Spring type of stuff.

Jeff: That’s proper. The Arab Spring was 2011. And look, it’s not simply meals. Muammar Gaddafi, there was a goal on his head to start with. However actually, 2011 was a yr through which meals costs had been rising precipitously and other people come out within the streets. And one of many issues about that’s…properly, I hypothesize that would be the case this summer season and also you don’t know the place. You began to see it in locations like Sri Lanka. We now have some comeuppances in some Latin American politics of late. It’s simply you by no means know whether or not or not some radical will get elected in a few of these international locations simply because the financial system turns into so sclerotic.

However at this level, we’ve blown out these previous meals worth peaks of ’08 and ’11. And so that you marvel, if you happen to recall, the French Yellow Vest Motion over gasoline costs and diesel, which was what, three or 4 years in the past. And people are at all times in locations like Paris. These are at all times a lot extra benign than what you may have within the World South the place you’ll be able to actually topple a dictator on account of these items. So that is a type of issues that I feel might be a market focus this summer season, actually some type of unrest. I don’t know, perhaps it’s in a spot like El Salvador, what with the Bitcoin inflicting credit score points in that nation.

Meb: Typically, and definitely I really feel like with meals and famine type of issues, there’s typically, such as you talked about, like, somewhat little bit of a delay, and whether or not that’s delay just a few months or six months. However because the form of provide chains get all jacked up and as costs begin to influence, this summer season might be that point zone. I hope not, actually. I imply, we’d love to not see that. However it’s a must to be ready for the truth of the potential outcomes. And all proper, maintain going.

Jeff: Properly, the following thought that’s been going via my thoughts for the final 45 to 60 days, I’m the primary one to return after these guys for what they did with QE and 0 rate of interest coverage for means too lengthy. If we’re even purported to have a central financial institution manipulating the price of cash, then in that case then they waited means too lengthy. Nevertheless, there are some indicators right here that I feel, I feel that 8.5% we noticed on CPI two prints in the past was the height, 8.2% being the newest.

And if you happen to simply take a look at the information…and it’s powerful, Meb. I imply, as a result of you’ll be able to fall in love together with your thesis, proper? And a few of us are predisposed to perma-inflation or perma-deflation due to our politics, or our preconceived notions, and even the best way we had been raised. For those who had been raised by somebody who would say, “Let me inform you in regards to the inflation of the Seventies.” I used to be introduced up like that. “Oh, man, we had gasoline traces.” You’ll see there’s inflation proper across the nook, and also you hear it for therefore a few years, you begin considering perhaps I’m a perma-inflation man.

And then you definately begin to take a look at this information as a result of I imply, I’m simply coping with this information all day lengthy. There are a variety of issues which are coming off the boil proper now. You might have the HARPEX Transport Index, that peaked, that was the entire thing. Was it cash provide growth? Was it the availability chain? Was it folks not going again to work as a result of they had been afraid of COVID? Perhaps it was all these issues.

However now a few of these issues are resolving themselves. You bought delivery is coming down. You might have the speculation, in my thoughts, that dwelling costs…what’s the treatment for top dwelling costs, just like the treatment for top commodity costs? It’s that they arrive again down. I could make an argument right here, a compelling argument I imagine, that dwelling costs come down. I imply, what else? You might have NFIB surveys, for instance, through which an awesome majority of small enterprise homeowners saying, “Properly, I feel my gross sales are going to say no. I anticipate within the subsequent six months my gross sales will decline.” Properly, that’s a deflationary…Now, does that imply you may have deflation, otherwise you simply have a decrease charge of inflation? As a result of now I feel there’s a variety of Johnny come latelies on this inflation thesis they usually’re form of lacking the information right here, which is that recession chances have spiked. They haven’t risen, they’ve spiked. And to the extent that they’ve spiked, I feel notably within the final 30, 60, 90 days, usually talking, that’s one thing that reduces worth strain. Will we get down to 1 or two on inflation? I don’t know. However I feel there’s an actual likelihood that the eight-handle that we have now on CPI might rapidly get all the way down to one thing like three or 4 fairly rapidly.

Meb: And three to 4, I imply, that’s within the type of, I wish to name it manageable vary traditionally talking. I don’t know if it’s a psychological factor however for me, it appears 4 is like, inflection level, and above six is, like, the scary. However actually beneath 4. I bear in mind there being State Avenue backside, however a enjoyable economics venture a few years in the past referred to as Worth Stats, the place they’d observe costs on-line in real-time, as a complement to how inflation was working all around the world. They usually’re monitoring like 20 international locations or one thing, they usually had some enjoyable updates. However I feel they’re of your philosophy or camp the place by the top of the yr, or a yr from now, we might hopefully be again all the way down to type of significant ranges. So it’d be enjoyable to look at. We’re going to must have you ever again on in a yr, we’ll see the place we’re. See if we’re speaking about $60 hamburgers, $10 gasoline, or $2 and In-N-Out 5 bucks, we’ll see.

Jeff: I do know. And there are such a lot of transferring components too.

Meb: A part of it, like, how a lot of it, as you concentrate on with the monetary markets and financialization of markets as they’ve began to return down, acts as a type of anchor or downward strain on inflation? Is that one thing we might depend on? Is that unlikely? Like, how do you concentrate on that?

Jeff: Completely. I imply, simply take into consideration like a … marginal propensity to do one thing. Up and down the spectrum, if you happen to had been to only generalize, image within the younger cohort, that’s the crypto bro, the 25-year-old crypto bro and he’s been clocked, he has misplaced his cash, perhaps all of it. Does that man exit and get a steak dinner on Saturday night time now? He was driving round in a Ferrari, okay. Then you may have the quintessential stereotypical retiree with the bond portfolio. Properly, they bought clocked too. The bond market is having one of many worst years on report. And so you concentrate on the child boomer reining in spending, perhaps not shopping for that second dwelling in Florida, or regardless of the case could also be. That is all pulled again on account of wealth impact.

After which, in fact, you may have the inventory market, which is any person like me, the one who’s in between the retiree and the 25-year-old. Overwhelming majority of the holdings of a 40 or 50-year-old could be within the inventory market. Our society at this level…I might go down a complete factor about how perhaps we should always go this route, about how a typical 40 or 50-year-old who’s not on this enterprise is so in tune with the market in comparison with the place they had been a quarter-century in the past due to the existence of a 401(ok). I’ve talked about this at size.

I imply, I used to be doing this with the yield curve. Are you able to think about, think about there’s such a factor as a podcast within the years 1980 or 1990, and also you and I begin speaking yield curve. And you bought folks on the telephone that aren’t in Wall Avenue. They’re clever folks, they take heed to finance podcasts, if such a factor exists within the yr 1980, which it doesn’t. They usually’re clever folks, they’re a dentist, a lawyer, regardless of the case could also be, you assume they’ve any clue what a yield curve is?

However now…I’ve mentioned this. I imply, take into consideration…I’m 41, return to all these guys I went to highschool with, 41 years previous, they’re not in monetary companies, they’re throughout industries, good folks, they’re professionals, they’ve bought households, regardless of the case could also be, all of them know what the yield curve is. Why is that? As a result of we have now a 401(ok) in our system. Individuals have data at their fingertips, they usually hop on Yahoo Finance or CNBC once they’re doing their morning espresso, they usually get their data.

And so we’re hyper-aware as a society in the case of, all proper, Meb, do you have to and your spouse take a trip? The traditional COVID reopening positioning, you’re purported to get previous COVID, and then you definately’re purported to take a trip. And on that trip, you’re purported to hail an Uber and a Lyft, you’re going to earn a living from home on that trip through Zoom. I imply, this was the whole lot that was working in 2020 and 2021. And if you happen to’re not even on this {industry}, you might be properly conscious that the NASDAQ is down and crypto is down, and the bond market is down since you’re only a man who’s keen on markets on account of you’re literate.

And so I’m wondering in regards to the wealth impact in 2022 in comparison with 1980 or 1990 or one thing like that. Whether or not or not you may have folks say, “Ooh, we had been going to take like a seven-day journey, perhaps we’ll make it a four-day journey, and perhaps we received’t make the journey in any respect.” And so I feel there may be that suggestions impact. I fear in regards to the well being of the patron right here and a few of these traditional client spending patterns. And you may see it within the markets, internals had been discretionary. Meb, the motion and discretionary is sort of a massive purple flag on this financial system. The market is barking and it’s telling you recession is a excessive likelihood.

Meb: Develop on that, unpack that somewhat extra. Maintain going.

Jeff: There’s loads to unpack. Because the years go on, I’ve more and more seemed to the market itself for my cues. Now I’m taking a look at PMI, I’m taking a look at NAHB homebuilders sentiment, that kind of stuff. However take a look at the market itself, and what you may have here’s a full deterioration of the markets’ internals, a large rotation into defensives toothpaste and tobacco, that kind of factor.

And the order of magnitude with which client staples within the final six, seven months…I’m simply cherry-picking in my thoughts, that’s my greatest guess as a result of that’s when the NASDAQ peaked was November nineteenth of ’21. The order of magnitude, the staples has crushed discretionary, traditional bear commerce. For those who’re bullish on the center class, you ought to be getting lengthy discretionary and if you happen to’re bearish or defensive or involved, you ought to be lengthy staples, and that’s how you’ll over or underweight.

And that’s traditional, that’s a part of the worth versus development charge too. Staples is loaded up in worth, discretionary is loaded up in development. And that’s an enormous chunk of why worth is thrashing development this yr. However the differentials between the monetary sector and the tech sector between these two additionally. And whenever you take a look at the tremendous spikes in a chart like discretionary versus staples or staples versus discretionary, it’s directionality come what may, we don’t have a lot precedent for the boldness of this transfer.

The opposite ones…I’m simply attempting to consider after I was final taking a look at this information was actually the Gulf Struggle, which is a minor recession. Morgan Housel was on the market on Twitter saying one thing that I feel is essential. And it’s traditional Twitter, which is you’re attempting to get retweets, you’re attempting to name for both hyperinflation or huge deflation is what these folks do. After which Morgan Housel mentioned, “Properly, what if it’s identical to a minor recession, like a down the highway…?” And that might be the Gulf Struggle recession 1990, 1991, the place it’s not debilitating like Lehman. Nonetheless discretionary, relative to staples, staples crushing it by 1000’s and 1000’s of foundation factors during the last 6 to 12 months. That’s akin to one thing you’ve seen within the Gulf Struggle recession, the Lehman recession, and the COVID transfer.

So what’s essential right here, I feel…and that is, to me, you’re at all times simply attempting to determine the place’s my thoughts by way of optimism or pessimism on essential metric A or essential metric B relative to avenue consensus? And we’ve gotten…luckily, for the bulls, we’ve gotten to a degree the place there may be some issues washed out. Clearly, you’re down 80% or 90% in your Snap and your Zoom, however what had been we taking a look at earlier in the present day? Zillow. Zillow is simply seems like Mount Everest from the underside to the highest to the underside. And so there’s been clearly a variety of excesses. The idiots from the Reddit message boards have been washed out with all of that.

However my concern is what this market motion is telling us is the following factor to drop if not with housing, perhaps or housing, it could be the labour market. And that one, not lots of people are speaking in regards to the labor market having a comeuppance right here, and I’m more and more involved about it.

Meb: Man, you hit on just a few various things that I assumed had been essential. Whenever you had been speaking about Tudor Jones, it’s not Tudor Jones and it’s not the quote I feel you’re in search of, however there’s a very good related quote from Ned Davis, the place he talks about markets, however he’s speaking about worth actions. And he’s like, “Worth is exclusive and that it’s the one indicator that may’t diverge from itself.” You’ll be able to have valuation of inventory market values proceed going up, however he’s like, “Worth tells a narrative whether or not you wish to imagine it or not.” And a variety of the strikes that we have now could find yourself telling that story in hindsight.

A part of what’s occurred over the previous yr or two, as this commerce has performed out, it’s a type of the same market regime, bonds yields up, inflation and expectation is up. Plenty of the expansion yr stuff you talked about peaked over a year-and-a-half in the past. A lot of these names are down 60%, 80%, 90%. And a variety of different stuff has rebounded. You might have a terrific chart FAANG versus FAANG, you wish to inform us what that’s?

Jeff: You bought the traditional FAANGs that everyone does Fb, Alphabet, Apple, Netflix, and Google. And naturally, they’ve all summarily modified their identify. And so FAANG doesn’t even…the time to ring the bell on Fb was as soon as they needed to trot out that ridiculous Meta on them, and the inventory is down 50% or 60%. As soon as you alter your inventory, your fairness identify, run for the hills. And naturally, Google needed to change it to Alphabet. It’s simply, like, such hubris to do these items together with your inventory. After which I went via after I mentioned, right here’s this different group of FAANGs is like some financial institution, First Nationwide Financial institution or one thing like that. One in all them was a protection contract. Perhaps was the N perhaps it was Northrop Grumman.

Meb: I’ll inform you precisely what it was.

Jeff: What was it?

Meb: It’s FirstEnergy, Altria, American Electrical, Newmont, and Basic Mills.

Jeff: Oh, Newmont. Newmont being both the world’s primary or quantity two gold miner, and FirstEnergy. What did we are saying, it was Anglo American? What was it?

Meb: FirstEnergy, Altria, American Electrical…

Jeff: Altria.

Meb: …Energy.

Jeff: Altria being…once more, that’s the tobacco with Altria holding up on account of it’s been that kind of factor the place the requirements or the issues that you’d buy via a recession proceed to carry up strongly on the expense of the darlings of the prior bull market. And that’s one thing that I feel could be very, crucial. And you’ve got these market guidelines of thumb that some folks would point out. Jesse Livermore would point out 100 years in the past. And it’s not simple.

I’ll offer you an instance. I imply, you had the bull market, begins in March of ’09. And these notions are you may have leaders in a bull market, after which as soon as a bear market arrives, and a brand new bull market comes thereafter, you’re purported to have completely different leaders. Okay, so you may have a bull market that begins March ninth, 2009. After which let’s say that it ended, what, February nineteenth of 2020, with COVID. After which you may have a 6-week bear market to March twenty third of 2020. That could be a bear market. There’s purported to be a brand new group of leaders that come out of that, however it wasn’t such…I don’t know. I imply, a six-week bear market perhaps was so fast no one even had any time to consider it, everyone’s nervous about COVID as a result of it’s the primary quarter of 2020 again on the time. And also you come out of that, growth, it’s nonetheless Fb, and it’s nonetheless Amazon.

Though, you began to note some weak point in that stuff in 2021. Nearly prefer it was attempting to get the final gasps of perpetuating the ’09 the 2020 bull market and make it push into 2021. After which subsequent factor you pull up among the charts on a few of these on a two-year…Amazon involves my thoughts instantly. That one’s been useless cash for…I don’t know, I’m taking a look at you, you’re taking a look at a pc, 18 months Amazon’s been useless. After which in fact, now rolling over sideways uneven motion for some time on this stuff.

However when you concentrate on massive, huge, memorable conditions like ’73, ’74, the NIFTY 50 bought taken out. That was the 50 shares you’re purported to personal perpetually. And also you come out of that and also you’re within the mid-Seventies and you actually shouldn’t be participating the NIFTY 50 per se. Though Jeremy Siegel over on the store says if you happen to had purchased the NIFTY 50 there you’ll have been okay if you happen to held it for 15 or 20 years.

Meb: You simply bought to carry it for a lifetime. Fifteen, 20 years, come on, Jeff, you kidding me? This viewers, who holds shares or investments that lengthy? No one.

Jeff: Properly, I do know it that’s one of many points with the truth that we’re all human beings and we have now payments to pay, we have now feelings, and we have now our personal historical past, we have now our personal perception methods as to how clever we’re relative to the general public. And I truly don’t even assume super-high intelligence is what you need. I feel you simply want above-average intelligence to be good on the market as a result of it’s a must to have a really feel for the best way folks assume and what they’re going via and the decision-making course of that individuals have. As a result of I feel going again to that stuff we had been speaking about with COVID reopening, and perhaps you don’t take the seven-day trip or one thing, it’s a must to attempt to consider like how would a standard individual assume? You don’t wish to have like 160 IQ I don’t assume, perhaps you’ll be able to’t determine with it. So who is aware of?

However right here’s the factor, Meb, you ended a serious notorious bull market in March of 2000. And when it was time for a brand new bull market to begin in October of ’02, it was a very completely different basket. I imply, diametrically opposed. On the finish of that bull market, the 1995 to 2000 window was all large-cap development. In fact, they’re large-cap as a result of they had been simply bid up so excessive. However one of many issues about that Nineteen Nineties market was we, looking back, consider it as solely dot-com however there was a variety of stuff actually zooming again then like Pfizer and Coca-Cola.

Meb: I simply did a chat with a biotech hedge fund supervisor the place I used to be reminiscing in regards to the late ’90s bubble as a result of as a biotech engineering scholar, I used to be heavy in that house. And it was very a lot a biotech bubble too as a result of if you happen to bear in mind, that’s beneath the umbrella of tech, however it was web names. However biotech, the sequencing of the genome was happening in that interval. And in order that was as a lot craziness. And I feel the narrative is…looking back, however I bear in mind this clearly as a result of I used to be in Jamaica on spring break. And Invoice Clinton made some assertion at a speech about not patenting the genome, which began sending these shares down. Nevertheless it’s such as you discover over the previous six months or a yr in tech right here, and biotech too, I feel biotech is down by like a 3rd, or 40%, 50% this yr already.

Jeff: It’s loads.

Meb: You simply search for the excuse, or search for the narrative after the actual fact. Like a variety of these firms and shares had this huge run-up or a variety of the speculative extra after which after it turns, you discover the rationale afterwards. And again then it was Invoice Clinton, and in the present day it’s, who is aware of, one thing else.

Jeff: It’s crucial as a result of we…I imply, I mainly subject this every single day of my profession. Are we being truthful to check what simply occurred to dot-com? It’s one in all these items it’s like, properly, do you want a bull market to be as daring as probably the most legendary mania of the final 500 years for issues to be stretched? Do I have to have Rockefeller cash to be thought-about wealthy? I imply, you don’t must be on the absolute excessive to be one thing that’s an outlier.

Moreover, even when we do take into consideration dot-com, you simply step away from dot-com itself, I bear in mind I did a tweet on this like a yr in the past, okay. Microsoft was a professional enterprise again then, it’s not like Microsoft was some fly-by-night operation. Microsoft doubled earnings yearly from like ’95 to 2000, that was a professional operation. And whenever you…huh, was it 2000 when Basic Electrical was the biggest company on this planet? Basic Electrical was no dot-com. That was a multinational conglomerate. Typically in these bull markets, you get the conglomeration.

Meb: One of many narratives you hear loads as of late is in regards to the folks…properly, not now, you heard it final yr. Individuals justifying a variety of the valuations of the tech shares of final yr. They usually mentioned it’s completely different this time. It’s completely different as a result of these firms have actual income. In contrast to the shares in 2000, which had been firms based mostly on eyeballs. And also you heard a variety of well-known cash managers speak about this. And it’s humorous as a result of I ran simply precisely what you had been speaking about. I used to be like, take a look at the highest 10 market cap firms in 2000 or December thirty first, 1999 they usually had tens to lots of of billions of income. These weren’t what they thought they had been. After which a lot of them, the shares went nowhere for 10, 20 years. And a few are nonetheless beneath, some are above. Microsoft took some time. However folks made that defective assumption after which, properly, right here we’re a yr later. However you don’t hear that analogy as a lot anymore.

Jeff: I’d have to return via. I bear in mind I went proper down the listing. I imply, simply fascinated about the names that had been…I imply, Lucent on the time. Boy, that was…

Meb: That provides me PTSD, I can’t speak about that one, it’s a must to maintain going. I used to be…

Jeff: Cisco.

Meb: I’d come dwelling every single day and look within the precise newspaper and it was like fractions at the moment, it’d be prefer it’s up one other $2 in the present day. And every single day, only one after one other. CMGI was one other Meb possession. I used to be the Robinhood…apart from me, it was E-Commerce. So I see myself very a lot in a variety of the buyers of the previous couple of years.

Jeff: You’re taking me in a time machine. And I used to be in highschool throughout that bubble. The way in which I bought keen on all of this was after I was in, like, second or third grade that was that Gulf Struggle recession, that they had a nationwide stock-picking contest. And I bear in mind my previous man is sort of a weekend warrior, man will get Barons, stuff like that. Like, “Dad, how do I win this contest?” He’s like, “Quick biotech as a result of no one else…none of those third graders are going to know the way to quick something. They don’t know what shorting is. So if this market tanks, you’ll win.” I feel we bought second in the entire…

Meb: That’s humorous.

Jeff: I used to be hooked for all times. I used to be hooked on it. And I bear in mind…and that is essential, I feel. And if you may get your self right into a 1997 or 1998 consciousness, which is troublesome to do now the place it’s like we have now Zoom, we’re zooming proper now, I’ve bought a pc right here in my pocket. And now going again to, like, my dial-up, highschool, did I even have an electronic mail handle in ’97, ’98? Now, that is essential as a result of there have been firms, I’m considering eBay proper now, that I assumed…and I used to be not alone. That is, like, simply the considering of a 17-year-old again then that eBay was going to take over the world. Keep in mind feeling that means? I imply that each mother and pop was going to in the end promote through eBay. And that eBay was going to take its minimize and that was going to be the longer term as a result of that they had already monopolized it. Till they hadn’t. And now eBay is a type of firms that has fallen by the wayside and has been a disappointment during the last quarter-century.

It’s humorous as a result of after I assume, and if I attempt to let my reminiscence serve, I might consider no different firm that felt prefer it was prepared to completely break via fairly like eBay felt to me in ’97 and ’98. And I don’t know, I imply, it’s a must to decide a few of these firms on the market, who is aware of? How in regards to the streets’ notion, going again to Basic Electrical, what the road considered Jack Welch 25 years in the past? Identical factor, that firm might do no flawed till it fell by the wayside. So I feel we’re beginning to form of really feel that now in issues just like the S&P 500 development the place there are nice enterprise fashions dominating the S&P 500. Nice companies, worthwhile companies, good firms, you wish to work for these firms. Perhaps you wish to work for them, I don’t, you don’t. However folks wish to work for them. And also you simply don’t know if there’s going to be any person that comes across the nook and will get them they usually turn out to be this era’s eBay.

Meb: eBay to me at this level is so unusable. It’s the worst, the worst web site, however who is aware of, that’s the distinction between a inventory and a enterprise too. Can’t promote somebody on Craigslist both, which is why a variety of the fashionable platforms have taken a variety of pockets share.

So one of many stuff you talked about over the previous, and we’ve seen this, and could be curious to listen to the place you assume we’re on this sport, on this regime. However actually, the speed is up, if you happen to return to 2020, you would take a look at the pandemic backside, you would take a look at charges bottoming, the election, no matter. However since then charges have been up and also you’ve had a really completely different regime with shares. You’ve had, primarily, a variety of the inflation uncovered property, but additionally worth investments have rebounded. Do you assume there’s one thing that has legs? Is the story performed out? The place will we stand there?

Jeff: I take into consideration this all day lengthy. With the market, you at all times must be prepared for when that factor that’s driving the market stops being that factor. And that factor has been rate of interest directionality all yr. Nearly to a degree the place if you happen to had been out of the home all day on the workplace, and I ran into you on the finish of buying and selling, and I mentioned, Meb, charges had been up 10 bips on a 10-year T observe in in the present day’s session. You say, oh, worth beat development. You’d open it up, and positive sufficient, 500 worth beat 500 development by 100 bips in that session, that’s all that issues.

After which the market will get hooked on these items. Till at some point, the rationale for no matter is the winner or the brand new factor on the road morphs into one thing new, a brand new rationale. And I imply, simply give it some thought, so it’s been all these years the place tech has been working. Why would possibly that be? Properly, in 2011, it is likely to be I must be within the U.S. I must be in disinflationary development as a result of I’m nervous about these European shares due to Brexit. And that’s what you’ll do. You go piling it as a defensive commerce into a few of these teams. After which it’s 2015, 2016 and China’s going to decelerate, okay, so U.S. {dollars} for that purpose. And the following yr, it’s another purpose why you’re claiming you want U.S. {dollars}. And it’s simply, properly, it’s since you wish to be constructed up on {dollars}, that’s what the market needs typically. And I feel proper now, we’ll must see how lengthy it goes on for.

However proper now, as long as the thesis of the viewer is that charges will likely be rising from right here, then worth is on. And that’s essential as a result of that’s 180 levels reverse of actually one of many previous notions that used to persist mainly for my entire profession, which was it was once, properly, if you happen to assume charges are going to go up…that is what it was once till lastly, after a dozen years of simply…or 14 years of development corroborating worth, folks wanted to vary the thesis.

The thesis was, all proper, I feel charges are going to go up, and I wish to underweight utilities, REITs, staples, well being care, DIVs. And if I feel charges are going to go up, I likewise need these different issues like discretionary was the previous idea. And the rationale as a result of charges rising means the financial system is coming into some type of growth. And if it’s going to have some growth, that’s why charges are rising you don’t what utilities you need, like some eating places inventory. However charges are rising now for various a purpose, Meb.

And people charges are rising now as a result of we simply spent two years working funds deficits on this nation akin to what we did within the Second World Struggle. It might be so simple as charges are rising as a result of the captive purchaser with its $9 trillion stability sheet is now not a captive purchaser, and it’s backing it up. And now the market has developed a brand new story. And that is essential as a result of, why? Why has the sudden discounting of future money flows on unprofitable development immediately turn out to be the primary subject of well mannered Wall Avenue dialog?

I get it. That is like enterprise faculty 101 discounting future money flows. However immediately it has taken the mantle, and it goes one thing like this. If charges are going to rise, then I don’t need some firm who’s promising me money flows within the yr 2030 as a result of the web current worth of these money flows goes to be notably hindered rather more so than my native gasoline utility or toothpaste firm, primarily is the argument. So now, the market does what the market does, which is it has discovered its purpose to love worth. There’s no proper or flawed, Meb, it’s simply that’s what the market needs to do and it likes worth now.

Meb: It’s humorous, attempting to trace or determine, like, what the sentiment shift has been. As a result of we had been doing tweets during the last handful of years however we had one the place like, actually on the peak of the worth unfold I mentioned, “Do you utilize worth development or market cap weighting?” And most of the people nonetheless didn’t use worth. And I mentioned, “Properly, if you happen to’re ever going to make use of it, it could have been now.” However then quick ahead, as soon as worth does properly for a few years that’s when folks in all probability need it.

Jeff: It’s powerful since you marvel, did worth simply get too well-liked by the mid-Nineteen Nineties that we had already identified properly the identify Warren Buffett by that point? And if you happen to take a look at the cycles that we witnessed, I imply, you would be a really, very seasoned veteran on this {industry}, and what would you may have witnessed? For those who got here into the enterprise in ’95, you witnessed a 5-year development cycle, ’95 to 2000, then worth solely out of your years of 2000 to 2006, or 2007, relying on which index you’re taking a look at, after which development ever since except for the final 6 or 12 months. So any person who got here in at ’95 at age 22 was born in ’73 so that they’re 49 years previous. That could be a 49-year-old who has been on the road and has solely ever seen seven years of worth.

And critically, as a result of we’re people, they forgot as a result of it’s been so lengthy. It’s been so lengthy since worth was working. I imply, what did worth have to work final time? It wanted a secular bull run in oil from the 1998 lows, which values took maintain in March 2000. However oil was down in single digits and ran all the best way as much as 147. That was a cycle that it was time to exit the U.S. greenback, it was time to get lengthy issues like rising markets on the flip of the century.

That’s one other one, rising. Rising has been down and out. And I’ll inform you this, what’s fascinating, you take a look at this market, the ache factors on this market, it’s EM worth that has been holding up in that its order of decline has been a lot smaller than the earlier darling, NASDAQ. I imply I’ve to again to the envelope with this, however there’s in all probability 2000 foundation factors value of differential yr to this point or from the NASDAQ peak between the NASDAQ and one thing like MSCIE and worth.

And so now the market virtually has a brand new sense of what’s a haven, if it’ll be the central banks doing battle towards they missed it, they missed the inflation, now they’re going to be battling for just a few years if that’s what it’s. And that’s why we’ve been seeing this…it’s fascinating to look at a bear market if that’s what that is, through which EM worth is definitely just like the portfolio saver on a relative foundation. It’s a thoughts change. Those that aren’t on it, they’re sticking with that…Like I oftentimes say, the 2009 to 2021 playbook, I feel they’re in for a impolite awakening in the event that they don’t get on what the market now needs.

Meb: And the loopy factor is if you happen to take a look at the EM worth, and this consists of a complete nation going to zero, has outperformed such as you talked about NASDAQ considerably. And has truly since actually starting of the yr according to the S&P, which is loopy. However yeah, you talked about, I imply, you had that interval, the last decade of 2000 EM simply completely destroyed S&P then vice versa on the final decade. I’ve sure tweets which are extraordinarily unpopular and others which are solely mildly unpopular, by no means simply well-liked, sadly. However something rising market-related is de facto unpopular.

Jeff: Isn’t that the reality?

Meb: I did one in the present day the place I mentioned…I imply China’s bought to be up there with sentiment tremendous destructive. However I mentioned, “The valuation Chinese language shares are at…in the present day is as little as it was in…” let me get the dates proper actual fast,. I mentioned a CAPR ratio of like 11 or 10. I mentioned, “It’s as little as it was in 2005 and 2016, each of which preceded a large run 50% to 200% up.” After which I had a Clint Eastwood GIF, “Do you’re feeling fortunate?” As a result of lots of people will see this Russia state of affairs play out, they usually say, man, it is a potential stranded asset. What’s the premium I want to just accept for that? And I feel that’s in lots of people’s entrance and middle. However EM, man, that’s…

Jeff: It flops for me too, yeah, in the case of Twitter content material. Knowledge Tree, we have now…I’ll inform you, the opposite one which, like, will get no motion on Twitter is sort of a bull case of Japanese equities. You would possibly as properly simply not even hassle tweeting. It’s been so a few years, actually, since American asset allocators, which is who I’m largely coping with … who’re U.S.-based asset managers. Have you ever even given any consideration to Japan? It’s humorous, whenever you take a look at an index just like the MSCI All Nation World the place, forgive me if I’m off by a share level or two, however the USA is 61% of the All Nation World. After which there’s simply this huge drop-off to quantity two and quantity three, and that’s China.

Meb: It’s over a 10X, I feel.

Jeff: Okay, so take into consideration the financial system sizes, Japan is the third-largest financial system. And it’s both quantity two or quantity three within the international fairness basket, and it’s 4%. So it’s 15-fold weighting between the U.S. and Japan. And there’s bull instances in Japan, however no one needs to listen to it as a result of they simply…I don’t know what …

Meb: I feel it’s even worse than being offended as a result of being offended a minimum of elicits an emotion, it’s folks simply don’t care.

Jeff: That’s what it’s.

Meb: It’s like they’re identical to, Japan, ugh, that hasn’t gone anyplace for 3 many years. However as you talked about, I feel we talked about this together with your fellow coworker and good friend, Jeremy Schwartz, once we had been speaking about Japan and Jesper Koll. And the composition of what Japan…the shares and companies has modified loads within the final 10, 20, 30 years, actually, and the cultural mindset at a variety of the businesses has modified too.

Jeff: And look, Japan has its points. It’s been a continuing battle to get that money off the stability sheet, there’s cross-shareholdings, the shareholder governance has been the recurring problem. And the bull case is that it will get cleaned up, begin boosting these return on fairness numbers and pay out these higher dividends. And it’s on the level now the place Japan has a two-handle on its dividend yield, which is a lot better than the 1.4 you may get on the S&P. Properly, by now, it’s in all probability 1.5.

Meb: Yeah, it’s going up, we virtually…

Jeff: Woo-woo!

Meb: We bought darn near the all-time report. That is one other unpopular tweet the place I feel the all-time report is like 1 or 1.1 on the U.S. And we bought darn shut once we had been on the U.S. peak and now it’s come up somewhat bit. However that was a very unpopular tweet the place I mentioned, not even opinion. I feel I simply mentioned, “We’re closing in on the all-time low on the dividend yield.” Man, folks don’t need the celebration to finish, that’s for positive.

Jeff: Properly, I’ll inform you, whenever you begin speaking about yields and asset values fascinated about tail dangers, or issues that would come up and put a cloud over this market, I imply, the Japanese don’t have the property bubble like we do. So I imply, simply image the most important metros on this nation, it doesn’t matter if you happen to’re speaking a couple of sunshine state or a snow state. Like if you happen to’re in Boston, otherwise you’re in Seattle, otherwise you’re in Miami, or San Diego, I imply, that’s simply the 4 corners of the USA proper there, Boston, Seattle, San Diego, and Miami, or something in between, it’s a legendary bubble. You and I each know people who stay in all these cities, we all know a number of folks in all these cities, the place dwelling costs are so excessive.

So what a couple of scenario through which the U.S. inventory market has to cope with this factor additionally happening, dwelling costs coming down, theoretically, After which you may have that nation over there on the opposite facet Pacific Ocean not coping with it as a result of they haven’t had any hypothesis since 1989? There’s additionally that kind of idea. I’ll inform you, I don’t know why the road isn’t extra involved with housing. Each indicator in housing is rolling over except for solely early indications on stock. I imply it’s nonetheless your 20-person open home solely has a dozen, not precisely bearish.

Meb: You and I joked earlier than the podcast began. For those who’re watching this on video, I look half homeless. I’ve like a Van Winkle beard as a result of I feel I managed, we’ll see, to personally high tick, shopping for a home and, in fact, the worst time in twenty years to renovate a home. I’m a terrific contra indicator on the timing of a few of these private finance life choices.

 

However , it’s humorous as a result of one in all our very first podcast friends, I feel it’s darn close to 5 years in the past, one in all their thesis was speaking about Canada’s actual property bubble and the way to play shorting that. After which 4 years later, right here we’re, it’s solely gotten crazier to the purpose the place Canada proposed laws and I feel enacted it about not letting foreigners purchase sure actual property. And so Australia and Canada, it’s form of like a widely known craziness.

However these items can final loads longer than we predict after which finally once they flip. Nevertheless it actually seems like a flip in a variety of these investments and concept, a minimum of anecdotally, in addition to among the information as properly. However I’ve personally a variety of expertise with associates simply being completely priced out of the market and all of the craziness going together with, such as you mentioned, 40 bids, as properly.

Jeff: And I don’t know if this about me, however I used to be working for a lot of, a few years with the Canadians as a result of I used to be with BMO, Financial institution of Montreal.

Meb: What’s your origin story? I wish to hear it. I don’t know the complete background. You had been…

Jeff: Oh positive.

Meb: …buying and selling shares in third grade, after which what?

Jeff: Buying and selling shares in third grade.

Meb: Shorting shares, even higher. Not buying and selling, like shorting shares. I can see the academics being like, I don’t even…what is that this child speaking about? What’s a brief?

Jeff: What is that this man doing? I don’t even know if I essentially knew what I used to be doing. I bear in mind I used to be quick Biogen and Centocor. Do you bear in mind Centocor?

Meb: No, however I bear in mind Biogen, that’s my primary PTSD inventory. So we’re going to have to maneuver on from Biogen.

Jeff: I assumed Lucent was.

Meb: No, that’s a top-five however Biogen is primary, it’s not even shut.

Jeff: Properly, I had some South African gold miners about 20 years in the past, and I watched the gold worth go up whereas the gold miners in South Africa simply died on the vine. So I’ve had a few of these in my time as properly.

Meb: Consider me, all my mining associates are moaning endlessly about what on this planet is occurring with metals and mining. They’ve been an enormous laggard, I feel that has been a shock to a variety of hopeful mining buyers that see the inflation and turmoil. And traditionally that’s been fairly good for the shiny metals.

Jeff: We had been doing a name earlier in the present day and we had been speaking about what’s truly working on this market. And also you simply take into consideration a petrostate like Brazil. And naturally, the Brazilian actual is rallying. That is just like the centrism of a felt world. We discuss in regards to the greenback rallying as a result of we put it in context of the euro and the yen. However the greenback just isn’t rallying towards the Brazilian actual. It’s not railing towards the ruble, each once more, oil. And the South African rand, take into consideration that, which is metals and mining is roughly flat, which is an ethical victory in a yr like this. In a risk-off yr, the South African rand. And I used to be taking a look at among the information and also you take a look at among the international locations that, prior to now, have had some run-ins with inflation the place it was debilitating. You needed to create the Brazilian actual in, what was that, 1993? Was it 1999? Not fairly positive. They needed to create the Brazilian actual as a result of Brazil had hyperinflation.

And also you roll into 2022 and guess who’s central financial institution is definitely saying we have now inflation, we have to hike charges? Versus our hubristic Federal Reserve. Now you bought me riled up. To sit down there and watch that man roaring kitty bid up all these meme shares, put this man on the entrance web page of “The Wall Avenue Journal.” And I feel…Meb, assist me right here. After I googled “meme inventory” to attempt to discover my earliest reference to that phrasing, I wish to say that was October of ’20. They usually stored zero rate of interest coverage on that.

Meb: I can’t hear the phrase meme and the entire meme inventory factor the place they had been doing an interview with Bryce Harper, the baseball participant, and also you shouldn’t make enjoyable of people that be taught phrases from studying or no matter, however he pronounced it meme. And he was like, what did he do, what…on a like a video interview. He’s like, does he imply meme? However he’s like, meme. I used to be like, I can’t hear it another means since then. We are able to submit the video to the present notes hyperlinks, however it’ll offer you a very good chuckle. So the meme shares, yeah.

Jeff: There’s a bunch of these like Christine Lagarde. I solely had ever heard again when she…she on the IMF earlier than this, earlier than the ECB, and I don’t know if it’s Lagarde or Lagarde. I’m guessing Lagarde. No one ever mentions this individual to me till she went over to the ECB and one thing else…Often, international leaders are the stuff you don’t know the way to essentially pronounce as a result of we’re not speaking about obscure prime ministers or presidents of some tiny nation, however a meme inventory.

Meb: Meme.

Jeff: Look, they stored zero rate of interest coverage on the stability sheet, the $9 trillion Federal Reserve stability sheet, which was, okay, what, $700 billion or $800 billion earlier than Lehman. So it’s a number of 11 or 12 or 13-fold, that was nonetheless increasing as of April fifteenth, that’s when it peaked. I feel in the present day is the day the place they formally begin doing one thing in regards to the stability sheet recording this right here in early June. I do know it is going to in all probability go on the air in a few weeks.

I simply don’t know the way you would sit there and watch the NASDAQ run like this. How one can sit there and watch. I do know there’s a housing scarcity however the whole lot that we simply watched as a society occur within the housing market is down in Dallas and Austin and Orlando, and San Diego. I imply, come on, how did you not hike charges earlier than this? Now you bought an actual drawback in your fingers as a result of the 25-year-old newlywed couple with a child can’t get a home to save lots of their life, they’re in actual bother. The 45-year-old couple can’t afford it, and the 65-year-old, it doesn’t matter these dwelling costs have turn out to be fully unaffordable. That’s a complete different purpose. It’s Alan Greenspan’s fault, however I don’t know if we wish to go down that rabbit gap.

Meb: I’ve for a very long time form of joke half-seriously I used to be like, the Fed might simply simply quantitatively simply peg the Fed funds to the two-year, which is what it normally does over time with a lag. Clearly, they’re not going to say they’re doing that as a result of then they’re now saying they do this. However I at all times snicker about you pull up these charts and it’s like a close to mirror picture. However clearly inflation and the two-year, there’s a reasonably historic unfold.

I imply, one of many stuff you talked about if we search for the onerous half for buyers is you may have these two fairly binary outcomes. Not too way back on this podcast we had been speaking about would the 10-year go destructive on yield? And that’s a really completely different surroundings for a portfolio than one the place a possible tenure of three, 5, 7, you least must put each concerns in your head.

As we glance ahead, I do know you had some good charts in regards to the ’70s. The ’70s had been actually powerful for buyers, actually not a lot helped apart from actual asset publicity, so what’s working this yr, but additionally worth shares ended up doing okay. One in all your good charts that reveals that. As we glance to the horizon, as we take into consideration equities, what are we considering? You need to have a crystal ball. However as we glance to the horizon, you’ve been actually proper for the final yr, which suggests you’re in all probability setting as much as be actually flawed for the remainder of this yr. However I do wish to offer you credit score as a result of normally, whenever you’re proper about one thing, it’s crickets too. You say it after which, like, no one cares. After which you might be positively one of many people who had been on this development. Cliff Asness actually has been banging the drum for this surroundings. However what about now, I really feel prefer it’s somewhat more durable, or is it? Is it simple? It’s at all times essential to be humble in our world.

Jeff: Precisely.

Meb: To me, that’s just like the primary…there are such a lot of examples, like, to a day or a minute the place folks do one thing that’s so embarrassingly unhealthy. And I’m considering to a specific development supervisor that put out a video dunking on fundamental passive indexes and previous financial system worth. And it was wish to the, like, month, like, the highest tick. So anyway, humility is a lesson all of us be taught as a result of all of us get taken to the woodshed sooner or later.

Jeff: Utterly. And yeah, you do at all times have to keep in mind that typically you simply get fortunate and also you attribute it to your personal genius. And also you get some trades proper, otherwise you make a name and assume you bought one thing proper. You begin saying, “These persons are actual morons. I’m the one who’s bought it collectively.” And the following factor you get it throughout the face. And look, I imply, I’m at Knowledge Tree, dividends, sitting there watching Fb rip increased all these years, and Netflix, you need some humble pie. I had my spouse for Christmas one yr once we had been relationship, okay. That is like 20 years in the past, we met once we had been 18, 19, began relationship. She gave me Graham and Dodd for Christmas, okay, so that is like Christmas of ’01. Looking back, studying Graham and Dodd was in all probability the worst monetary resolution I ever made as a result of final 20 years I’ve been in worth. I’m a worth…

Meb: The tortoise is okay, man. The tortoise, you bought to cope with the “You simply don’t get it” feedback occasionally, however finally, you get to the end line. That’s the good factor about worth normally. I imply, you get the occasional ’08s the place worth additionally will get pummeled. However over time, the Mr. Market of worth versus the choice is rather less psychotic.

Robeco simply put out some analysis going again to the Eighties with worth kind of methods, little multifactor, I feel it even had some momentum sprinkled in, however in comparison with the choice. And it beat primarily in each decade going again over time. However for me, the choice is what’s worse. Like, it’s the unprofitable costly poor momentum shares like, my god, what a nightmare. However often, they rip your face off in order that’s the best way it must be.

Jeff: Properly, and you concentrate on whenever you get contacted by your good friend, they bought one thing they wish to inform you about. Like a sizzling new hashish factor, one thing like that, or this firm goes to give you the following Alzheimer’s breakthrough. And a few of these hit and plenty of of these don’t. And no one ever mentioned, “Hey, let me inform you about this nice firm that’s making drywall,” it’s simply six or seven occasions earnings. There’s a few of that. There’s an impatience that individuals have. And worth investing is all about proudly owning these varieties of firms that aren’t actually…you don’t stroll right into a cocktail celebration and brag about them. You’re shopping for them as a result of it’s a secure enterprise, you’re looking for consistency with earnings. There’s not one thing that’s going to return up and knock the corporate for a loop.

Meb: I’d say the emotional response I’ve for the overwhelming majority of investments in a variety of our portfolios is form of like disappointment and disgust. I’m like, man, we personal that like, are you joking me? That’s the fantastic thing about being a quant, girls and gents, is you don’t must have the emotional attachment. In actual fact, you don’t even must know what’s within the portfolio, you simply must let the computer systems information you.

Jeff: Properly, I’ll inform you shareholder yield I imply, you seen my stuff on that. And it’s attention-grabbing as a result of there’s part of me thinks that that’s the place the {industry} could go by way of classically, oh, I’m an earnings investor, give me dividends. I feel it might a minimum of obtain a bit of that enterprise industry-wide, shareholder yield being among the dividend yield plus the buyback yield. I do know you play there, we play over there at Knowledge Tree as properly.

And I don’t know that buyback yield will get the eye it deserves as a result of it’s form of a calculation, folks don’t actually know. It form of actually solely took maintain the final three or 4 many years and so that you don’t have the 100-year historical past. It’s like you would pull up 100-year information on S&P 500 dividends have at it, can’t actually do this on buybacks. I’ll inform you a buyback program intuitively will maintain a wild CEO in examine. I do know that you just’ve dedicated that you just’re going to purchase X billion {dollars} value of shares again from us over the following 12 to 24 months. I don’t assume you’re going to make some silly acquisition since you received’t have the capital to do it.

The inventory market’s riddled with tales of silly acquisitions. Oftentimes, these acquisitions are made throughout the good occasions. Is it Ben Graham? Perhaps it’s Graham. I learn sufficient Graham and Dodd, perhaps it’s him the place he says…what’s it that he says? One thing like the best losses available in the market had been folks shopping for inferior property within the good occasions, one thing like that. And that’s what occurs oftentimes is I bought just a few billion {dollars} in money sitting on this stability sheet, let me go purchase any person. And the yr is 1999.

Meb: The alternative equally is essential. In my thoughts, the buybacks are all properly and good however it’s additionally that you just’re avoiding the serial diluters. So the businesses…and tech is tremendous responsible of this, however are simply issuing new shares hand over fist on a regular basis and diluting you whether or not it’s administration or workers or simply elevating capital, no matter it might be. So that you form of get either side. I imply, the worth a part of that dialogue I feel is easy. Like, everybody will get shopping for one thing low-cost however it’s additionally you’re avoiding the costly. So the previous yr, avoiding shares buying and selling above 50 occasions worth to gross sales, or 100, would have helped you not simply that you just’re investing within the low-cost. And so I feel each of these are equally as essential to consider over time on choosing investments.

Jeff: I like that you just introduced that up. It’s this idea that I oftentimes bat round, which is perhaps it’s not a lot what I guarantee that I do personal however what I guarantee that I don’t personal. The previous stuff the place you may have $100 value of capital, you endure a nasty bear market like 1973, ’74. So that you’re all the way down to 50 cents on the greenback. After which now what? Now you’re psychologically overwhelmed down, and also you’re supposed to remain lengthy inventory market, despite the fact that you simply misplaced half of your capital. After which it takes you some time to get again to even since you bought wiped.

And if you concentrate on the profile, simply…I imply, not each firm is similar. However simply take into consideration the kind of firm that should both A, increase capital through debt, a financial institution mortgage, or the debt markets. Relative one that should increase capital through the fairness market. And give it some thought just like the previous metals and mining. So you bought some junior gold miners. We’ve all dabbled on this stuff once we had been younger and naive, and there’s issues in Nevada and it’s 20 cents a share…

Meb: I used to be simply laughing as a result of I noticed a tweet from some historian in the present day that was speaking about Bre-X which was like one in all largest mining…

Jeff: Bre-X

Meb: However I used to be laughing when Brex, the bank card firm, selected their identify, and I’m like, man, you guys are awfully near the solar right here, Icarus, on naming your organization after one of many largest frauds ever. It’s like if you happen to had been like, what, let’s begin an organization in the present day referred to as Enron, it’d be like let’s in all probability do one thing somewhat completely different.

Jeff: Enron, like, what was it in “Workplace Area?” What was the identify of that firm? Was it Inatech?

Meb: I’ll look it up proper now. That’s a terrific query.

Jeff: I had a golf bag and it mentioned Intech, and I’m like, wait, wait, Inatech like on “Workplace…?” I feel it’s the identical too. Properly, Bre-X. Okay, whenever you talked about Bre-X, Bre-X, I wish to say Bre-X was 1996. And the rationale Bre-X was so essential in metals and mining, go as much as Canada…like we had been simply speaking, like, go as much as Toronto and point out Bre-X.

Meb: Yeah, Inatech was the identify of it, yeah.

Jeff: So Bre-X had many occasions bigger the psychological harm north of the border than down right here in the USA. Bre-X was a large fraud. It was purported to be a beautiful goldmine they usually ran off with lots of of billions after which the entire thing collapsed. And that’s their ache level up there. The opposite one not a fraud, however only a unhealthy dot-com wreck was Nortel up there for them.

However shareholder yield. All proper, so we bought a 20-cent Nevada gold miner on the pink sheets. And it’s time…oh, this goldmine goes to be nice. And it’s time to boost capital. Debt markets aren’t going to present that…you should dilute the shareholders. There’s no financial institution mortgage coming, it’s an fairness issuance. That’s how the pink sheets-type firms increase capital. And it’s as a result of it’s an unsavory, extremely dangerous enterprise. In sharp distinction to, I don’t know, Procter & Gamble or PepsiCo comes into {the marketplace}. I don’t know, I assume these are double layer…single lay credit, one thing like that. And an organization that may nonetheless be functioning tomorrow raises debt capital.

And so when it goes again to the shareholder yield, or what you’re doing with buyback applications or diluting, even inside one thing just like the S&P 500, which is usually 500 very good firms. The 100 or so which are doing the least by way of shopping for again shares, or the small proportion of them which are diluting are normally the landmines. There’s one thing flawed with the enterprise mannequin as a result of for each one that’s diluting as a result of they legitimately have a terrific venture, any person else is diluting as a result of it’s hitting the fan on the market at headquarters. And so that you simply bought to watch out with that stuff. That’s why I feel shareholder yield might be an attention-grabbing one. I imply, I actually take a look at buybacks once we’re taking a look at fundamentals throughout funds and we’ll attempt to win new enterprise, that kind of factor, throughout the fund households. I feel it resonates.

Meb: We did a latest examine with some associates with shareholder yield on all of the sectors and industries and truly shocking to me that it labored in all of them. I figured it could work in most however it labored…and the miners was the inspiration. I used to be like, greater than something this sector is only a dumpster hearth for capital incineration. Just like the Twain quote of like, “Present me a…” What’s it? “Present me a…” Oh, man.

Jeff: A gold mine. “Present me a gold mine.”

Meb: “Present me a gold mine, I’ll present you a liar on the high.” Anyway, however one of many issues…who is aware of how lengthy this bear market will final. I’m calling it a bear market. We had been down round 20, now we’re down much less. However perhaps that was the top or perhaps it goes down 40%, 60%, 80%, who is aware of. However you had a submit that I assumed was considerate the place you had been mainly like, look…and had everybody’s favourite fraudster, Madoff, on there. And also you had been form of saying, like, what will we begin to see when there’s a bear market low? As a result of folks at all times wish to decide the underside however that’s, in fact, onerous. However what are some indicators? You mentioned there are three massive ones that we might maintain a watch out for.

Jeff: There are a number of. And a few of it’s the texture of these items as a result of I…one of many issues I mentioned is you bought to determine a Ponzi scheme. There must be a Ponzi uncovered. And that Ponzi will get uncovered within the seventh, eighth, ninth inning of a bear market, no matter that Ponzi could also be.

Meb: And in some instances, there’s a number of. I’m wondering if the Invoice Hwang…it’s probably not a Ponzi he simply had, like, insane leverage. However that’s actually one which the identical type of factor like all of the levered gamers that had been uncovered to 1 surroundings. I imply, you see Tiger’s down a ton this yr, and many others., and many others. Clearly, ARK being the poster youngster of this one. However Hwang being a…I imply, what was his PKUM? I imply, he was…I can look this up.

Jeff: And that was like spring of 2021 headline. In order that one’s been out…

Meb: It was early, yeah.

Jeff: Properly, there are a number of issues. That is so enjoyable. I like this enterprise. One other factor…and it is a little correlated to what you mentioned, I do assume it’s essential to speak in regards to the issues that get uncovered on the finish of a bear market. However one other factor that looking back, it was an enormous warning was the SPAC implosion, particular function acquisition firm. And there was a time they had been…the SPACs have a web asset worth of $10. They had been simply melting up it was an enormous growth towards…these are clean examine firms, they aren’t precisely for retirees, let’s say. And now that has fully busted up, there’s a bunch of them on the market beneath the $10 NAV; $9.90, $9.80. They usually’ve now fully deflated that bubble.

When it comes to speculations unwinding, I feel that, to me, the meme inventory factor was so outlandish. That was worse than dot-com as a result of a minimum of with dot-com the buyers thought that there was a future of those firms. This was a joke. However then any person mentioned, “Properly, is the LUNA and the Terra factor, is that…perhaps that was that factor that occurs close to the top, it’s time for calling a backside?” I don’t know, perhaps that individual was proper, it’s an individual on Twitter. It’s like, “Properly, Jeff, what about that?” It’s like, properly, these are issues. However the traditional bear market the place common folks stroll right into a scenario and lose their life financial savings, these are the varieties of headlines you see in the direction of the top of a bear market. That occurred with LUNA and Terra. I’m not seeing that article in regards to the retired couple that they give up their jobs to day commerce they usually put all of it within the NASDAQ. I haven’t seen that one but.

One other factor…and this all presupposes that you just’re in a legendary bear market too like 1973, ’74, like 2000 to 2002, like ’07, ’09 Lehman, how do you name out a backside? And what I used to be saying in that was there are a number of issues. One is normally in the direction of the top of it, you’ll get the federal government will are available to do one thing, the federal government goes to assist. And the one I cited was Jerry Ford coming in with the worker retirement, ERISA, which is form of like a pension safety. And that’s like, ringing the bell in the marketplace low as a result of I feel that was within the autumn or winter of ’74, it’s like time to get lengthy shares. You do see a number of sorts of crime get uncovered in the direction of the top of a bear.

I’ve spent years, Meb, fascinated about all these things attempting to…I imply, it’s what I do is rather like take into consideration markets. So that you picked the inventory market in March of 2000. And you purchased them in October of ’02. As time in October of ’02 to get lengthy as a result of the inventory market goes to double from October ’02 to October of ’07. However the inventory market, it wants catharsis. It wants a human being on the entrance web page of the paper to level a finger at. And that human being is Martha Stewart, Jeffrey Skilling, the opposite faces of fraud and corruption. I’m simply attempting to consider…

Meb: The accounting and embezzlement. U.S. historical past is that Ponzi scheme, accounting scandals, and embezzlement. You mentioned ideally, you’ll have full sign when you witness all three, two out of three ought to suffice. Definitely, within the crypto house, you’re seeing among the two and three, I imply, that’s form of been par for the course. However full-on type of embezzlement accounting massive scale doesn’t really feel like that’s totally come to the forefront but, has it?

Jeff: It hasn’t. After which we have now the markets by no means going to be simple, it’s so powerful. The opposite factor is keep in mind that to the extent that we’ve had headlines through which folks have taken complete losses, or there’s been corruption, it has been on this fully completely different asset class, crypto, which is interrelated and intertwined. And we clearly don’t have crypto in 1932 the place you’re getting a bear market backside from 1929. We don’t have crypto throughout the Gerald Ford administration. There’s no different factor that’s taking place on the facet of that which we’re attempting to determine, which is the top of a bear market in shares, as a result of most individuals don’t have Ethereum or Bitcoin nonetheless.

If it’s actually a type of three like 1973, ’74, one thing like that you just in all probability wish to see one thing like one other Bernie Madoff get uncovered in traditional equity-only fund administration. Company accounting scandals are normally a reasonably good signal that we’ve washed out the entire wishful considering of a Go-go period. Definitely, WorldCom, Enron, who else was again then? I’m attempting to consider…I can’t consider its identify. However Enron and WorldCom had been the others, it’s been so lengthy on that.

You additionally need…and that is probably the most troublesome of all. You need to be gauging the sentiment of non-Wall Avenue folks, which is de facto onerous to do. I imply, it’s like Meb and I are sitting round we’re speaking in regards to the market. Meb is, like, actually bearish, let’s say. However Meb is likely to be actually bearish as a result of he’s taking a look at quant all day. He’s taking a look at 100 charts a day so Meb just isn’t my opposite indicator. My opposite indicator is like my brother or my sister who’s sending me a textual content. This can occur the place, “Hey, Jeff, ought to I be in shares anymore? Like, ought to I simply be in all money?” says, like, the child who sat 4 seats away from you in sixth grade English class. Like, the place has this man been? I haven’t discuss to this man 15 years, that kind of stuff. There’s none of that.

Meb: The bizarre half about this cycle and there was…the AAI is normally okay. They usually had some actually low readings finish of April, it’s since bounced from then. So was type of a opposite indicator that’s truly like was fairly cash. We’ll see how lengthy it lasts. We haven’t had a lot of a bounce. However the bizarre factor about…there’s two components to that sentiment is that one is that shares and bonds have been getting hammered this yr. So that’s one which’s in all probability somewhat uncommon for many conventional buyers as a result of they assume and count on bonds to hedge shares. One of many worst years to begin for 60/40.

But additionally if you happen to distinction there what they are saying, so the bullish sentiment surveys, versus what they do, which is the % inventory allocation, which is close to an all-time excessive, and normally that simply drifts with worth, there’s an enormous disconnect. And that to me is like hey, we’ve had this big run. TINA, there is no such thing as a various, many of the normal populace is like, I don’t know what else to do. Feels wish to me like so that they’re nervous about their holdings, however they’re undecided the place else to go as a result of bond yields are so low. This is sort of a poster youngster for lots of our companies. However I don’t need it to be industrial. However I really feel like that’s the vibe if I needed to put a thumb on it. I don’t know.

Jeff: It’s powerful. Say bear market ends proper this minute…and it’s a bear, we reached…I imply, NASDAQ was down 30-some-odd share, lots of of names down 60%, 70%, 80% that’s a bear market. The place does it finish? Properly, no one is aware of. I don’t know and also you don’t know. I imply, I would conjecture a guess, I feel that we’d nonetheless have a while left in it. As a result of once more, I don’t assume the inventory market is totally appreciating the existential threat to dwelling costs right here or the labor market, which I think about we’ll have a full deal with on unemployment fairly quickly, which no one’s calling for.

Okay, so bear market ends tomorrow, or it ends a yr from now or two years from now, who is aware of? What I feel is essential to notice is that what we have now seen right here from a societal foundation, I feel the COVID lockdown reopening is simply that form of huge change within the order that you just typically have to have regime change from era to era, one thing adjustments in society, which may have been it. Earlier than that, it may need been like September eleventh, identical to a large occasion that shook your world that you just bear in mind vividly 20 years later I feel. Perhaps September eleventh and COVID are these two issues. Okay. And so now what has occurred is the market has stopped rewarding the stuff from the prior period, we’ve washed our fingers of that period, that’s now over and it’s a brand new regime.

Meb: Which is difficult for folks as a result of they at all times wish to struggle just like the final battle. It’s onerous to regulate. This one’s notably onerous as a result of a variety of the investments had been so completely destroyed which are doing properly this yr. The vitality, ag, sources, the entire complicated has been simply decimated.

Jeff: Similar to 2000 onwards. Keep in mind when everyone is placing MLPs of their portfolios, like that’s going to be…

Meb: Oh, gosh, that’s proper, that was an enormous…

Jeff: That was just like the factor. After we had been doing asset allocation, starting of my profession, it was like equities and bonds and now we have to put some alts. And in order that was when a variety of…that is in non-public consumer, a variety of the {industry} was beginning to do let’s flirt with managed futures, and let’s put excessive yield in these portfolios. And these exposures we have now to…EM equities are too low. And MLPs, we’d have folks coming in speaking about MLP. Plenty of merchandise got here out within the ETF enterprise for MLPs. There was ETNs, alternate traded notes on MLPs, and then you definately truly had MLP possession. I imply, it was time for the cycle to vary. And it turned a pipeline and vitality and rising market cycle, it was a greenback bear market, and it was a tech bear. Such as you mentioned, I don’t know, perhaps an hour in the past, Microsoft was useless cash for therefore lengthy, I can image that chart.

All proper, so the bear market ends tomorrow or it ends two years from now, we have now new leaders on this market. These new leaders are worth sectors. And the laggards are notable for being those which are so overwhelmingly populating development indexes. The S&P 500 development is…properly, it was 61% tech plus discretionary, one of many two worst ache factors this entire yr. Whenever you come out of this in a brand new bull market that begins a day from now or two years from now, the brand new leaders aren’t tech and discretion. Now, they’ll catch bids on a bear market rally, reduction rallies, or they could catch home windows of time identical to within the final 14 years worth had some 6 and 12-month window the place it was kicking butt. However usually, ’07 to ’21 was all development. I believe that we’re coming into one thing like that. I feel we’ve had a large change in mindset.

And I additionally assume that we’d have already reached that time right here the place there was a important mass of people who have gotten so burned in speculative property, no matter which may be. COVID vaccine firms like Moderna, perhaps one thing like that, or unprofitable tech like traditional Russell 2000, development spec stuff. They’re not trying to get lengthy these names anymore. It’s like these people who had been day buying and selling again in ’98, ’99, like, they missed that entire bull market popping out of that.

And that’s the factor is you bought to ensure…you bought to know your personal thoughts, you bought to know what sort of loss you’ll be able to take to maintain enjoying these things. It’s one factor to say you’re going to carry shares perpetually and that’s the target. However then that individual that sells the underside as a result of they might take a 20% loss, or they might take a 30, they don’t truly know themselves. They might take a 40% however they took a 50% or 60% and now they’re out for good. And now they’re sitting in money when some bull market commences. It’s powerful.

Meb: In order we glance out to the horizon, what else are you fascinated about, are you enthusiastic about, are you confused about, are you scared about, any of those feelings? What’s in your mind as {the summertime} Chi-City vibes rain down on you? What else are you fascinated about?

Jeff: I’ll offer you some concepts, you inform me the place you wish to go together with it, Meb.

Meb: Nice.

Jeff: I feel there’s a preventing likelihood the U.S. delivery charge might find yourself shocking to the upside. Yeah, I don’t know if I’m positive about it however I a minimum of assume it’s bought a shot.

Meb: That’s simply private expertise. Why do you estimate that?

Jeff: Okay, for one, bear in mind, so as to have an upside shock, all it’s a must to do is exceed the consensus, you don’t must be a hero. XYZ Corp, the road sees 22 cents of earnings on the earnings report. I solely want it to be 23 cents for me to be an upside shock. I don’t must be a hero and say it’s going to be 50 cents. Properly, there isn’t a demographer that I do know of that’s sitting right here trying on the Jessica and Jeff Weniger expertise of working from dwelling and saying, oh, perhaps these folks may need extra youngsters than they’d have had in 2019. I can’t start to inform you among the many laptop computer class, what this has finished to our work-life stability. I’m in my home proper now. I don’t know if the child is sleeping on this facet of the wall however he is likely to be.

The whole lot that you decide relies on the prices and advantages. Take into consideration having an toddler or a toddler or an 18-year-old, it’s powerful. And we ended up with the variety of youngsters on this family. And I feel that it has been notably simpler to have…on this case, we have now 4 youngsters…than it was to have one child. After I needed to go down there on the prepare every single day all the way down to BMO years in the past, in a traditional workplace job would scramble attempting to get on the purple line, which is our prepare right here in Chicago, attempting to get on the brown line to make all this work. Whereas as a substitute, it’s like, form of simple. It’s form of simple, like, what did she say, we bought kindergarten commencement on Friday. I can attend that. Why? As a result of my employer, Knowledge Tree, is aware of that I’ll get my stuff finished. If I’m out of right here on a Friday morning from 9 to 10 a.m., it’s cool as a result of I’m making up for it on Saturday and Sunday. That could be a notable factor.

The opposite factor is sooner or later, do you get to a backside the place we at all times mentioned that it has been the growing wealth causes the delivery charges to fall as we’ve seen all through all societies? However is it that we simply attain a degree the place it now not is that driver, and it’s rather more alongside the traces of the logistics of really managing this additional job within the family, the diapers and the bedtimes, and all these issues.

And I’ll say only one remaining factor. For me, probably the most troublesome factor for me when these numerous kids had been in an toddler stage was functioning throughout enterprise hours in a bodily be there and attend to the workplace setting after I didn’t attain any REM sleep the prior night time. Attempting to operate as a complete zombie. PMI leads this by six months and subsequently it’s…it’s like attempting to get all that stuff collectively.

In distinction to the whole elimination of the commute for tens of hundreds of thousands of those folks alone adjustments the productiveness and I suppose you would say the diploma of distress if you end up sleep disadvantaged. I feel it’s a game-changer. So look, do I feel it’s going to go moon capturing? I don’t know, however I feel that we should always not essentially say it is going to completely keep low. It’s inflationary, it’s bullish over these 20, 25-year timeframes. It might be the other of the deflationary living proof being Japan with its 1.3 infants per lady birthrate.

Meb: That’s an optimistic strategy to begin to button down the top of this dialog, Jeff.

Jeff: Was it BS?

Meb: No, I imply…

Jeff: You prefer it?

Meb: …I’ve heard either side of it. Depopulation is an enormous threat. However I imply, come on people, they simply have to procreate somewhat extra, nobody will be towards that. What’s been your most memorable funding through the years apart from your third-grade biotech quick, what involves thoughts, good, unhealthy, in between?

Jeff: That’s in all probability probably the most memorable. Those you bear in mind probably the most are those you get burned on. What’s the previous factor the place the psychological ache of a loss is twice as brutal because the victory of acquire and the good thing about the sport? I bear in mind it’s like 20 years in the past I nailed that gold bull market and I didn’t make a dime. I had a bunch of particular person names down South Africa, as I used to be pointing on the market. Durban Roodepoort Deep, which is now I feel DRDGOLD. I had Concord. I pull up the charts of these issues from 20 years in the past, proper across the flip of the century. And I used to be like a gold bug again then, I actually thought the greenback was in for a tricky time, and it was. And that’s a very good instance. I’ve heard folks via the years say like, “I nailed the thesis and I didn’t make a dime.”

Have a look at China. China’s going to return on and turn out to be a world energy, it’s going to be the primary or quantity two financial system, you’ll see. However if you happen to invested in China final 20 years, you didn’t make as a lot cash as if you happen to simply purchased the S&P. So that you nailed the thesis and you bought it flawed on the identical time. So hey, the markets aren’t simple, Meb.

Meb: No, timing is hard. Individuals wish to comply with you, your nice charts, what’s the very best spot? Twitter, work, elsewhere, the place do they go?

Jeff: Yeah, I’m on Twitter. I’m on Twitter. It’s Jeff Weniger if you happen to can ever spell that. It’s W-E-N-I-G-E-R. I don’t know if it seems on the display screen. We write in blogs over at Knowledge Tree and the longer-form items, the market insights. I bought one popping out…when are we going to publish that? It’s somewhat grizzly on housing. It’s form of cool. That’s one of many nice issues about Knowledge Tree is that they allow us to speak about issues which are topical, that aren’t simply pushing ETFs on folks, simply speaking markets. I’m going to begin doing a little content material on LinkedIn. I feel I’m going to tie the LinkedIn in with the Twitter. Perhaps I’ll ask you because you’re like a social media guru whether or not you assume that’s a good suggestion. However yeah, the blogs, market insights, and Twitter. And it’s worth, it’s dividends, it’s…

Meb: Superior.

Jeff: …macro, all that stuff.

Meb: We’ll put a present observe hyperlink on mebfaber.com/podcast, listeners, for all these hyperlinks as properly. Jeff, this has been a tour. Thanks a lot for becoming a member of us in the present day.

Jeff: Superior, Meb. Till subsequent time, I suppose.

Meb: Podcast listeners, we’ll submit present notes to in the present day’s dialog at mebfaber.com/podcast. For those who love the present, if you happen to hate it, shoot us suggestions on the mebfabershow.com. We like to learn the opinions. Please evaluation us on iTunes and subscribe to the present anyplace good podcasts are discovered. Thanks for listening, associates, and good investing.





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